The Cognitive science of Beliefs and Belief Revision

In the domains of medicine and morality, people are often deeply entrenched in their beliefs and resistant to any new information. These applied ethical problems motivate our research on belief revision: We examine the biases that prevent people from changing their minds. We aim to develop educational interventions to overcome these psychological obstacles and understand the beliefs that underlie people’s misconceptions.

Related Papers:

Jaramillo, S., Horne, Z., & Goldwater, M. (In prep). The impact of anecdotal information on medical decision-making

Solanki, P. & Horne, Z. (In prep). Quantifying motivated reasoning using a simple judgment task.

Priniski, H. & Horne, Z. (In prep). Crowdsourcing effective educational interventions.

Priniski, J. H., & Horne, Z. (2018). Attitude Change on Reddit's Change My ViewProceedings of  40th Annual Cognitive Science Society

Horne, Z., Powell, D., Hummel, J. E., & Holyoak, K. J. (2015). Countering Anti-Vaccination Attitudes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Horne, Z., Powell, D. & Hummel, J. (2015).  A single counterexample leads to moral belief revisionCognitive Science.


Psychology Papers

Dougherty, M. & Horne, Z. (In prep). Citation counts and journal impact factors do not capture research quality in psychological science.

Horne, Z., Rottman, J. & Lawrence, C. (In prep). Can coherence-based interventions change dogged moral beliefs?

Caple, A., Flannagan, C., Horne, Z., Shah, P. (in prep). Does Informing People about Disease Risk Change Beliefs about Vaccination? A Replication Study.

Horne, Z. & Cimpian, A. (In Prep). The influence of an inherence heuristic on scientific explanation.

Jaramillo, S., Horne, Z., & Goldwater, M. (submitted). The impact of anecdotal information on medical decision-making

Solanki, P. & Horne, Z. (submitted). Quantifying motivated reasoning using a simple judgment task.

Priniski, H. & Horne, Z. (submitted). Crowdsourcing effective educational interventions.

Pinillos, N. A., Jaramillo, S. & Horne, Z. (submitted). Asymmetrical belief sensitivity and justification explains the Wells Effect

Powell, D. & Horne, Z. (submitted). Expectations bias moral evaluations.

Reinecke, M. & Horne, Z. (Revision requested). Immutable morality: Even God could not change some moral facts.

Horne, Z. & Khemlani, S. (Revision requested). Principled connections and the inherence bias in explanatory reasoning.

Horne, Z. & Cimpian, A. (Revision Requested). Intuitions about personal identity are rooted in essentialist thinking across development.

Horne, Z.*, Muradoglu, M.*, & Cimpian, A. (Forthcoming). Explanation as a Cognitive Process. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

*These authors contributed equally to the work.

Priniski, J. H., & Horne, Z. (2018). Attitude Change on Reddit's Change My View. Proceedings of 40th Annual Cognitive Science Society.

Powell, D. & Horne, Z. (2018). Expectations bias judgments of harm against others. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Bekele, E., Lawson, W. E., Horne, Z. & Khemlani, S. (2018). Implementing a Robust Explanatory Bias in a Person Re-identification Network. IEEE.

Horne, Z. & Khemlani, S. (2018). Conceptual constraints on generating explanations. Proceedings of 40th Annual Cognitive Science Society.

Powell, D., & Horne, Z. (2017). Moral severity is represented as a domain-general magnitude. Experimental Psychology.

Pritschet, L.*, Powell, D.* & Horne, Z.* (2016). Marginally significant effects as evidence for hypotheses: Changing attitudes over four decades. Psychological Science.

*All authors contributed equally to the work

Horne, Z., & Powell, D. (2016). How large is the role of emotion in judgments of moral dilemmas?. PloS ONE.

Horne, Z., Powell, D., Hummel, J. E., & Holyoak, K. J. (2015). Countering Anti-Vaccination Attitudes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Horne, Z., Powell, D. & Hummel, J. (2015). A single counterexample leads to moral belief revision. Cognitive Science.

Powell, D., Horne, Z ., Pinillos, N. Á. & Holyoak, K. (2015). A Bayesian framework for knowledge attribution: Evidence from semantic integration. Cognition.

PHILOSOPHY Papers

Horne, Z., & Cimpian, A. (2018). Subtle Syntactic Cues Affect Intuitions about Knowledge. Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy.

Harmon, I., & Horne, Z. (2016). Evidence for anti-intellectualism about know-how from a sentence recognition task. Synthese.

Horne, Z. & Livengood, J. (2015). Ordering effects, updating effects, and the specter of skepticism. Synthese.

Powell, D., Horne, Z., & Pinillos, N. A. (2014). Semantic integration as a method for investigating concepts. Advances in experimental epistemology.

Waskan, J., Harmon, I., Horne, Z., Spino, J., & Clevenger, J. (2014). Explanatory anti-psychologism overturned by lay and scientific case classifications. Synthese.

Powell, D., Horne, Z., Pinillos, A., & Holyoak, K. (2014). Justified true belief triggers false recall of "knowing", Proceedings of 35th Annual Cognitive Science Society.

Horne, Z. & Powell, D. (2014). More than a feeling: When emotional reactions don't predict moral judgments, Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Horne, Z., Powell, D., & Spino, J. (2013). Belief updating in moral dilemmas. Review of Philosophy and Psychology.

Braverman, M., Clevenger, J., Harmon, I., Higgins, A., Horne, Z., Spino, J., Waskan, J. (2012). Intelligibility is Necessary for Scientific Explanation, but Accuracy May Not Be, Proceedings of 34rd Annual Cognitive Science Society.