The Cognitive science of Beliefs and Belief Revision

In the domains of medicine and morality, people are often deeply entrenched in their beliefs and resistant to any new information. These applied ethical problems motivate our research on belief revision: We examine the biases that prevent people from changing their minds. We aim to develop educational interventions to overcome these psychological obstacles and understand the beliefs that underlie people’s misconceptions.

Selected Papers

Priniski, H. & Horne, Z. (2019). Crowdsourcing effective educational interventions. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Mirabile, P. & Horne, Z. (2019). Explanatory Virtues and Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society.
Horne, Z.*, Muradoglu, M.*, & Cimpian, A. (2019). Explanation as a Cognitive Process. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Horne, Z., Powell, D., Hummel, J. E., & Holyoak, K. J. (2015). Countering Anti-Vaccination Attitudes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

In Preparation

Horne, Z. & Cimpian, A. (In prep). The influence of an inherence heuristic on scientific explanation.
Solanki, P. & Horne, Z. (In prep). Quantifying motivated reasoning using a simple judgment task.
Reinecke, M. & Horne, Z. (In prep). Immutable morality: Even God could not change some moral facts.
Horne, Z., Rottman, J. & Lawrence, C. (In prep). Can coherence-based interventions change dogged moral beliefs?
Powell, D. & Horne, Z. (In prep). Expectations bias moral evaluations. 
Dougherty, M. & Horne, Z. (submitted). Citation counts and journal impact factors do not capture research quality in psychological science. 
Horne, Z. & Khemlani, S. (Revision requested). Principled connections and the inherence bias in explanatory reasoning. 

2019

Horne, Z.*, Muradoglu, M.*, & Cimpian, A. (2019). Explanation as a Cognitive Process. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Horne, Z. & Cimpian, A.  (2019). Intuitions about personal identity are rooted in essentialist thinking across development. Cognition.
Jaramillo, S., Horne, Z., & Goldwater, M. (2019). The impact of anecdotal information on medical decision-making. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Miske, O., Schweitzer, N., & Horne, Z. (2019). What information shapes and shifts people’s attitudes about capital punishment? Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Priniski, H. & Horne, Z. (2019). Crowdsourcing effective educational interventions. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Pinillos, N. A., Jaramillo, S. & Horne, Z. (2019). Asymmetric belief sensitivity and justification explains the Wells Effect. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society.
Mirabile, P. & Horne, Z. (2019). Explanatory Virtues and Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Cognitive Science Society.

2018

Priniski, J. H., & Horne, Z. (2018). Attitude Change on Reddit's Change My View. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Powell, D. & Horne, Z. (2018). Expectations bias judgments of harm against others. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
Bekele, E., Lawson, W. E., Horne, Z. & Khemlani, S. (2018). Implementing a Robust Explanatory Bias in a Person Re-identification Network. IEEE.
Horne, Z. & Khemlani, S. (2018). Conceptual constraints on generating explanations. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Horne, Z., & Cimpian, A. (2018). Subtle Syntactic Cues Affect Intuitions about Knowledge. Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy.

2017

Powell, D., & Horne, Z. (2017). Moral severity is represented as a domain-general magnitude. Experimental Psychology.

2016

Pritschet, L.*, Powell, D.* & Horne, Z.* (2016). Marginally significant effects as evidence for hypotheses: Changing attitudes over four decades. Psychological Science.
Horne, Z., & Powell, D. (2016). How large is the role of emotion in judgments of moral dilemmas?. PloS ONE.
Harmon, I., & Horne, Z. (2016). Evidence for anti-intellectualism about know-how from a sentence recognition task. Synthese.

2015

Horne, Z., Powell, D., Hummel, J. E., & Holyoak, K. J. (2015). Countering Anti-Vaccination Attitudes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Horne, Z., Powell, D. & Hummel, J. (2015).  A single counterexample leads to moral belief revision. Cognitive Science.
Powell, D.,  Horne, Z ., Pinillos, N. Á. & Holyoak, K. (2015). A Bayesian framework for knowledge attribution: Evidence from semantic integration. Cognition.
Horne, Z. & Livengood, J. (2015). Ordering effects, updating effects, and the specter of skepticism. Synthese.

2012 - 2014

Powell, D., Horne, Z., & Pinillos, N. A. (2014). Semantic integration as a method for investigating concepts. Advances in experimental epistemology.
Waskan, J., Harmon, I., Horne, Z., Spino, J., & Clevenger, J. (2014). Explanatory anti-psychologism overturned by lay and scientific case classifications. Synthese.
Powell, D., Horne, Z., Pinillos, A., & Holyoak, K. (2014). Justified true belief triggers false recall of "knowing", Proceedings of  the 35th Annual Cognitive Science Society. 
Horne, Z. & Powell, D. (2014). More than a feeling: When emotional reactions don't predict moral judgments, Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
Horne, Z., Powell, D., & Spino, J. (2013). Belief updating in moral dilemmas. Review of Philosophy and Psychology.
Braverman, M., Clevenger, J., Harmon, I., Higgins, A., Horne, Z., Spino, J., Waskan, J. (2012). Intelligibility is Necessary for Scientific Explanation, but Accuracy May Not Be, Proceedings of  34rd Annual Cognitive Science Society.